These are areas where the virus is present in monkeys and is a potential risk to humans as defined by the World Health Organisation.
Some of these countries demand a yellow fever certificate from travellers as a condition of entry to their country. Many of these, and other countries, will ask you for a certificate if you are entering from an infected country.
Your travel agent should inform you if you need a certificate when you are booking your holiday or flight. You can double check if in doubt with your local yellow fever vaccination centre (details from your local Health Board).
Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Kenya, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Sierra Leone, Senegal, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia.
Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Panama, Peru, Surinam, Venezuela.
Some countries do not exactly follow these World Health Organisation guidelines:
- Belize is considered endemic by Bangladesh, Egypt and Guyana
- Costa Rica is considered infected by Bangladesh
- Djibouti is considered endemic by Guinea-Bissau
- Honduras, Nicaragua and Equatorial Guinea are considered endemic by Bangladesh,
- Equatorial Guinea is considered endemic by Egypt, Guinea-Bissau and India.
- Malawi is considered endemic by Bangladesh
- Mauritania is considered endemic by Bangladesh and Guinea Bissau.
The above advice is appropriate for the majority of travellers. If you are at all unsure as to what measures are suitable for you, (eg if you are pregnant, or are suffering from a condition requiring special medication), it is recommended that you talk to your health advisor. This page is produced by the Scottish Centre for infection and Environmental Health.