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Tooth pain: Treatment, symptoms, advice and help

About tooth pain

Tooth pain can be described as a sensation of pain or soreness either in or around the tooth.

Tooth pain: Incidence, age and sex

Most individuals would have developed tooth pain at some point of time in their lifetime. It may occur in any age group and there is no gender predilection in the incidence.

Symptoms and signs of tooth pain: Diagnosis

Tooth pain is generally felt as a sharp or aching pain in or around a particular tooth.

Causes and prevention of tooth pain

Tooth pain may arise from the tooth itself, the gum and bone surrounding the tooth, nerves supplying the area of the tooth, the temporomandibular joints and the muscles that move the jaw.

It is most frequently caused by an irritation of the nerves within the roots of the teeth due to dental caries (cavities), infections of the dental pulp or fractures of the crown and root of the tooth. Other common causes of tooth pain include periodontal (gum) and bone infections or inflammation from wisdom teeth.

Medical conditions that cause tooth pain include sinus and ear infections, and heart diseases such as angina or myocardial infarctions. Similar symptoms are often caused by trigeminal neuralgia (nerve pain) or an inflammation of the temporomandibular joints (TMJ).

revention of common dental pain problems starts with good home care and a healthy diet. Some precautions which will help, are reduce the amount of sugar in the diet, rinsing the mouth with plain water or a mouthwash after eating to reduce the acids in the mouth, brushing the teeth two to three times a day , flossing regularly, use of fluoride toothpaste to harden the surface of the tooth and to help fight against cavity formation and visiting the dentist regularly for true oral hygiene.

Tooth pain: Complications

Rarely, sinusitis may result from untreated maxillary dental infection. Rarely, cavernous sinus thrombosis (or Ludwig's angina (submandibular space infection) may develop; these conditions are life threatening and require immediate intervention.

Tooth pain: Treatment

For pain due to a cavity, clove oil can be poured onto a cotton pellet and place it into the cavity of the tooth. It is a dental analgesic and anti-infective agent which is used to calm the pulp.

If there is gum swelling and pain, acetaminophen, ibuprofen, or aspirin may be used unless there is a medical condition contraindicating their use. A numbing gel can be applied to the gum. Such gels are found at most pharmacies. If there is pain in the jaw, the use of ice or heat is advisable. Ice is better for a joint injury and heat is better for muscle tension.The ultimate treatment would be the treatment of the actual cause.