Hodgkin’s lymphoma: Treatment, symptoms, advice and help
About Hodgkin’s lymphoma
Hodgkin’s disease also known as ‘Hodgkin’s lymphoma’ is a cancer (abnormal growth of cells) of the lymphatic tissue. The lymphatic tissue is present in various organs of body like lymph nodes, spleen, liver and bone marrow. Hodgkin’s disease is a curable form of cancer which has a good survival rate.
Hodgkin’s lymphoma: Incidence, age and sex
Hodgkin’s lymphoma is a common malignant condition encountered in the general population. It may afflict young and older adults. It is more frequent in men as compared to women.
Signs and symptoms of Hodgkin’s lymphoma: Diagnosis
Individuals with Hodgkin’s lymphoma present with non-specific features like fever with chills, exhaustion, generalised itching and loss of weight. Swelling of lymph nodes also occur which is typically painless. Other features may depend upon the site of lymphatic tissue involved. However, the lymphatic tissue of lymph nodes is the first to get affected.
Clinical examination may reveal swelling of lymph nodes (neck, armpit, and groin) and in some cases, enlargement of the spleen. Biopsy of the affected lymph node or bone marrow aspiration may help in detecting the condition. Other investigations like blood tests, CT scan PET scan may be done to stage the disease.
Causes and prevention of Hodgkin’s lymphoma
The exact cause of Hodgkin’s lymphoma is not known. Genetic preponderance may play a role. Increased incidences of Hodgkin’s disease have been documented in individuals infected with HIV and Epstein-Barr virus.
Hodgkin’s lymphoma: Complications
The complications of Hodgkin’s lymphoma arise mainly from its chemotherapeutic and radiotherapy management. Infertility or bone marrow disorder may usually occur.
Hodgkin’s lymphoma: Treatment
The treatment modalities of Hodgkin’s lymphoma include chemotherapy and radiotherapy and it needs to be chosen according to the stage of cancer. The treatment also depends upon the age of patient and pathological type of lymphoma. The prognosis of Hodgkin’s disease is good with a survival rate of almost ten years after appropriate management.