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Gonorrhoea: Treatment, symptoms, advice and help

About gonorrhoea

This is one of the common sexually transmitted disease caused by bacteria Neisseria Gonorrhoeae. It may be asymptomatic or symptomatic. Untreated individuals may exhibit serious complications.

Gonorrhoea: Incidence, age and sex

Gonorrhoea is quite a common disease encountered in general population. Although it can be seen in any age group, it is more common in young adults with a higher frequency in men as compared to women.

Signs and symptoms of gonorrhoea: Diagnosis

Gonorrhoea affects the sexual organs as well as throat, eyes and anus. The clinical features of gonorrhoea in women include excessive vaginal discharge along with vaginal bleeding in between periods. This may be accompanied by lower abdominal pain. Men with gonorrhoea may manifest with discharge from tip of penis along with redness and swelling of foreskin. Testicular tenderness may also be manifested in some men. Both men and women have urinary complaints like intense burning or pain during urination. Occasionally, individuals may present with sore throat, conjunctivitis, fever or pain in the rectal area.

It is advisable to get yourself examined by a specialist on presence of such symptoms who may conduct some lab investigations to confirm the diagnosis of gonococcal infection.

Causes and prevention of gonorrhoea

Gonorrhoea is caused by bacteria Neisseria Gonorrhoeae and transmitted through sexual contact. It can be transmitted through vaginal sex or anal sex (affects anal canal) or oral sex (affects throat). Moreover it poses high chances of transmission from affected pregnant women to her baby.

The bacteria can infect the reproductive organs in both men and women. Some preventive measures like using condom during sexual intercourse, avoidance of unsafe sexual practices and multiple partners may diminish the incidence of infection.

Gonorrhoea: Complications

Gonorrhoea, if ignored may progress to involve other pelvic organs, resulting in a painful condition called pelvic inflammatory disease in women. It may also damage the reproductive organs causing ectopic pregnancy wherein the foetus gets implanted outside uterus. It can lead to reduced fertility or even sterility in both men and women. It is seldom seen that infection spreads to the joints, the brain or even the heart, resulting in dire consequences.

Very rarely, a baby born to infected women may suffer from inflammation of eyes which is present since birth. This may lead to blindness, if not treated promptly.

Gonorrhoea: Treatment

Gonorrhoea is a treatable infection wherein a broad spectrum antibiotic medication like Cefixime is usually prescribed. The treatment of affected individual along with his/her partner is essential to eliminate incidence of relapse. Moreover it is advisable to repeat the gonococcal test after completion of treatment to ensure complete and effective eradication of the offending bacteria. The affected baby is prescribed antibiotic eye drops which minimises the chances of visual impairment.