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Diabetic Maculopathy: Treatment, symptoms, advice and help

About diabetic maculopathy

Diabetic maculopathy is a serious form of diabetic eye disease in which there is swelling of the central part of retina or the macula. This causes visual impairment and even blindness.

Diabetic maculopathy: Incidence, age and sex

Diabetic retinopathy is the leading cause of blindness in adults and diabetic maculopathy is a potentially serious complication of retinopathy.

Signs and symptoms of diabetic maculopathy: Diagnosis

Diabetic maculopathy initially manifests itself in the form of blurred vision. Macula is the central part of the retina which is responsible for sharpness of vision. If left untreated, severe visual impairment and blindness can result.

The diagnosis of maculopathy is established by fundus examination which is conducted after papillary dilatation by an expert eye specialist.

Causes and prevention of diabetic maculopathy

Diabetic maculopathy occurs as a part of diabetic retinopathy and is seen more frequently in patients in whom blood sugar and blood pressure are not controlled adequately. There are several large clinical trials which have shown that a good control of blood sugar can delay the onset and retard the progression of retinopathy. Since it does not lead to visual symptoms until it is very advanced, routine screening is of prime importance in early detection.

Diabetic maculopathy: Complications

Diabetic maculopathy is responsible for considerable visual impairment and may cause permanent blindness. Diabetic retinopathy is the leading cause of blindness.

Diabetic maculopathy: Treatment

The treatment of maculopathy involves focal laser treatment which can arrest progression of the disease. In addition, adequate control of blood sugar, blood pressure and cholesterol is very important for reducing the disease progression.

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