Chlamydia: Treatment, symptoms, advice and help
This is one of the most common sexually transmitted disease caused by bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis. This disease causes mild symptoms or no symptoms at all, in most of the individuals.
Chlamydia: Incidence, age and sex
Chlamydia is quite a common disease encountered in the general population. Although it may be seen in any age group, it is more common in young adults with a higher frequency in women as compared with men.
Signs and symptoms of chlamydia: Diagnosis
Chlamydia is, in most cases, a silent infection which results in late diagnosis. The clinical features of chlamydia in women include excessive vaginal discharge along with vaginal bleeding in between periods. This may be accompanied by lower abdominal or lower back pain. A chlamydial infection, if left untreated, may spread to the urinary tract resulting in increased frequency of urination along with intense burning during the process. Men with chlamydial infection generally remain asymptomatic or present with urinary complaints. It is advisable to get yourself examined by a specialist on presence of such symptoms who may conduct some lab investigations to confirm the diagnosis of chlamydial infection.
Causes and prevention of chlamydia
Chlamydia is caused by bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis and transmitted through sexual contact. Women seem to be more predisposed to this infection as compared with men. The bacteria infect the reproductive organs in both men and women. Some preventive measures like using condoms during sexual intercourse, avoidance of unsafe sexual practices and multiple partners may diminish the incidence of infection.
Chlamydia may lead to some serious health concerns since it may fail to be diagnosed due to its asymptomatic nature. This infection may progress to involve other pelvic organs, resulting in a painful condition called pelvic inflammatory disease. It may also damage the reproductive organs causing ectopic pregnancy wherein the foetus gets implanted outside uterus or it can result in sterility.
Chlamydia may afflict even a pregnant woman which may result in stillbirth or premature birth of baby or even. Very rarely, a baby born to a chlamydia infected woman may suffer from pneumonia or conjunctivitis at birth.
Chlamydia is a treatable infection but relapses may be seen in certain individuals. Antibiotic medications like doxycycline or tetracycline are usually prescribed. The treatment of an affected individual along with his/her partner is essential to eliminate incidence of relapse. Moreover, it is advisable to repeat the chlamydial test after completion of the treatment to ensure complete and effective eradication of the offending bacteria.