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Branchial cyst in children: Treatment, symptoms, advice and help

About branchial cyst in children

Branchial cyst is a developmental defect which results from the incomplete closure of the branchial cleft in the neck. It presents as a small lump in the neck which may be seen since birth. Branchial cyst is a congenital defect, however, it is harmless.

Branchial cyst in children: Incidence, age and sex

Branchial cyst is an uncommon developmental condition present since birth. No gender predilection has been documented yet.

Signs and symptoms of branchial cyst in children: Diagnosis

Branchial cyst may present as a small and smooth lump in the neck. It is generally unilateral and seen just below the collar bone. This lump signifies an underlying cyst (fluid filled sac) which is painless and non tender. In occasional cases, the cyst may develop into a sinus, wherein the cystic fluid drains onto the surface of the skin. This is a clinical diagnosis which can be easily established on physical examination.

Causes and prevention of branchial cyst in children

Branchial cyst is a developmental defect in which the tissues of neck and collar bone fail to develop normally during the embryonic stage. This results in a fluid-filled enclosed sac called cyst which characteristically occurs on one side of the neck.

Branchial cyst in children: Complications

Branchial cyst generally is a harmless condition. However, in rare instances, it may become infected with bacteria resulting in high fever.

Branchial cyst in children: Treatment

Branchial cyst normally does not need to be treated. But the infected cyst may require oral medications like antibiotics which may help in settling the infection. Surgical removal may be considered in some individuals in whom the cyst size is quite big or may find it a cosmetic problem. No relapses are usually seen after surgical removals.